Every month healthy woman's body prepares for conception, releasing an egg, producing cervical fluid to help man's sperm travel and meet the egg, and promoting further implantation. This complicated and very wise process can be disrupted by several factors, which affect female fertility. One of the first steps to improve your chances of conceiving is to make some changes in your lifestyle. After all, planning a pregnancy is about preparing a healthy place for your future baby.
Avoid alcohol, smoking, drugs
If you want to have a healthy child, the first thing you should do is to get rid of such bad habits as smoking. The numerous studies show that smoking affects female and male fertility in a bad way. Smoking pregnant women are more likely to have low birth weight babies. Also smoking during pregnancy may lead to such complications as miscarriage and premature delivery.
It is known second-hand smoking also has a bad impact on woman's health, so if your partner is smoking, don't allow him do it in your presence. Smoking marijuana lowers male and female fertility too.
Alcohol is harmful for fertility, pregnancy and health. Women, drinking alcohol, reduce their chances to conceive for up to 50 percent. It is better to start avoiding alcohol for at least 4 months before getting pregnant. Alcohol can affect your future child, increasing the risk of fetal alcohol syndrome, low birth weight, mental retardation for a baby as well as miscarriage and stillbirth.
Watch over your weight
Aside from other health problems, overweight women have difficulties to conceive because of ovulatory dysfunction. Excessive weight leads to irregular menstrual cycle, which impairs woman's fertility. Obesity may also lead to several complications during pregnancy and pose health risks for pregnant woman. Overweight woman may develop diabetes, and have increased risk of blood clots. But you should keep in mind that excessive exercising to lose weight is not a good idea as it also can become an obstacle to getting pregnant.
Low weight may also be an obstacle for getting pregnant. Underweight women are more likely to have problems with fertility due to hormonal imbalance, which results in anovulation. Study by the Miscarriage Association showed that women with low body mass index had increased risk of miscarriage in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Monitor your sexual health
Some STDs, when untreated may have serious consequences for your health and cause infertility. It is important to get tested for STD's regularly as some of them may not have clear symptoms. STD's may cause many complications, including pelvic inflammatory disease, an infection of the reproductive organs. One of the most important things to protect your fertility is to engage in safer sex with your partner and get tested for STD's regularly. Communicating about sexual health openly and your sexual history with your partner may be necessary to avoid further misunderstandings.