Getting Pregnant After IUD Birth Control

Jan 18, 2010
If you want to get pregnant, but are still on birth control, you will need to discontinue using your contraceptive method. Many women, who use long-term birth control methods such as an IUD wonder if it can affect their fertility and when to remove an IUD before getting pregnant?

IUD birth control

IUD is an intrauterine device that is inserted into the uterus to prevent unwanted pregnancy. Nowadays there are two basic types of IUD: the copper IUD and hormonal IUD Mirena. Copper IUD prevents pregnancy by enabling the sperm from moving towards the egg as well as making implantation impossible. Mirena contains levonorgestrel, the hormone that is released into the body, preventing ovulation, reducing the development of the proper thickness of the uterus and making it hard for the sperm to reach the egg. Both types of IUDS can be used for up to 5 to 12 years.

IUD and Fertility

Many women are concerned whether having an IUD will affect their chances for conception later. Unlike the common belief that an IUD can cause infertility, most specialists say that the use of IUD does not lead to infertility. Both copper IUD and Mirena can be removed at any time and woman should not have problems getting pregnant.

It is also believed that IUD can cause pelvic inflammatory disease(PID), which is one of the main causes of female infertility. The recent studies show that the process of insertion of the IUD can slightly increase the risk of the pelvic inflammatory disease, but the risk is more linked to having an STD.

Also many specialists do not usually recommend young women to use IUD birth control, especially if they have multiple sex partners. This can increase the risk of PID and may lead to fertility problems.

When to remove an IUD before getting pregnant?

If you are trying to conceive and have an IUD, you will need to remove it before getting pregnant. Many studies say that women, having an IUD removed, can get pregnant as quickly as women, who do not use birth control. Normally, fertility returns within few months after IUD removal and depend on other factors that may affect your chances to conceive.

Most specialists recommend waiting two or three months after IUD removal before trying to conceive. You can use barrier methods such as condoms to let your body return to its normal cycle. This will help the uterine lining to get back to its usual thickness and your your body eliminate the hormones from Mirena or copper from copper IUD.

After IUD removal, your cycle should return to its usual way within 30 days. If this does not happen, you will need to consult your doctor, because it may indicate a medical problem. Keep in mind that IUD should be removed only by a doctor to avoid complications.