Most Common Allergies

Jun 30, 2009
Most common allergies include two main groups: food and airborne allergies (such as allergic reactions to mold, animals, pollen, medicines and dust).

Food allergy

Food allergy represents an allergic reaction of the body towards some food allergens, found in fish, seafood, egg white, milk, chocolate, nuts, citrus fruit, sweets and other products.

Symptoms of food allergy appear every time your body contacts with certain food allergen. The intensity of the reaction depends on the concentration of antibodies in the human blood.

The main symptoms are most often disturbances of the gastrointestinal tract, low blood pressure, high temperature, skin rash and so on.

Allergy to pollen

The main symptoms are: runny nose, sneezing, sometimes eye itching, watery eyes, swollen or red eyelids.
The most common sign of allergy to pollen is its seasonal occurrence, which coincides with the period of certain plants' flowering.

Allergy to pollen can be found 6 times more often in people, who live in cities than in those, who live in the countryside. It can be explained by the level of air pollution, the damage of the pollen grains and the appearance of new allergens as a consequence.

Allergy to mold

Mold is an organism spread not only outdoors, but also indoors. All people come in contact with mold every day without any serious consequences for their health. We can either breathe air with spores of mold or we can eat products with mold on them.
The symptoms of this type of allergy include: shortness of breath, runny nose, eye itching, lacrimation and skin rash.

Allergy to medicines

The symptoms of this type of allergy appear from 1 to 72 hours after the administration of the medicine and they include: skin rash or eczema (the main symptoms), coughing, runny nose, shortness of breath, fever and anaphylaxis.

The functioning of such organs as the liver, the kidneys and the lymphatic system may be disturbed too, but, in this case, the symptoms, as a rule, are not manifested.

Allergy to dust mites

Dust represents a whole complex of allergens: small particles of epidermis, fungi or insects. One of its main allergens is the microscopic dust mite. However, dust mites are responsible only for 8 per cent of all allergic reactions to dust, the other part is often caused by different types of dust fungi.

The symptoms of allergy to dust mites are often typical: runny nose, skin rash, itching in the eyes and in the throat, asthmatic attacks and so on.

Allergy to animals

Allergy to animals is one of the most common types of allergy. One of the most widespread form is allergy to cats, since their allergens cause the development of allergic asthma. Cat allergens persist in their fur, in the secretion of their sebaceous glands, in their urine and on their skin. Their size allows them to get easily into the bronchi and, as a consequence, lead to allergic asthma.