Researchers at the University of Aberdeen, Scotland tested the drug that is used to stimulate ovulation and artificial insemnation against no treatment in couples with unexplained infertility.
Among three groups of the 580 couples, one group was simply advised to have regular sex, the second one was given fertility pills clomifene citrate to stimulate ovulation and the third group underwent artificial insemination, when the sperm is injected into the womb.
Women who got pregnant after six months period were examined until they gave birth. According to the findings of the study, 32 couples who had no treatment had babies, while 26 women who took fertility drug and 43 who underwent artificial insemination became mothers. Researchers say that this difference is insignificant and shows no considerable benefit over no treatment option.
One in seven couples is known to have problems conceiving a baby. Fertility pills such as clomifene citrate known under the name Clomid, Serophene, and Milophene and artificial insemination is often used for infertility treatment. More complicated methods like in-vitro fertilization are usually advised if the two common methods do not work.
Dr. Siladitya Bhattacharya, the leading author of the study said that these two methods are no longer offered to couples with unexplained infertility in the study centers. Still, artificial insemination can be helpful for women who use sperm donor to conceive. Fertility pills are also recommended to women who have problems related to ovulating.